Activity 1- Universe in your hand

Augmented reality (AR) provides opportunities to explore new areas and learn like never before in an immersive way. Providing an enhanced interactive version of a real environment combining visual, auditory and other sensory information to enhance learning experiences. It can be used for a variety of purposes including gaming, entertainment, education, retail and healthcare. AR works by using existing real world environments putting virtual information or virtual world on top to enhance the experience. AR takes us to worlds
we may not otherwise be able to visit.

Activity 2 – Planet Fashion

Space-proven garments continue to provide inspiring innovative textiles for use here on Earth. Many space inspired garments offer comfort, hygiene, and freedom to move. Many projects take place testing new fabrics, for example, to improve sweat management and heat transfer combined with short drying times. Sportswear manufacturers often use learning from space to help improve their products.

Activity 3 – Rocket power

Scientists invented rockets to be fast enough to escape the Earth’s gravitational pull. Rockets are fantastic machines used to explore space. They are used to take humans, satellites, spacecraft, equipment, and materials to where they need to go. The action to launch a rocket is the force produced by the expulsion of gas, smoke, and flames from the nozzle end of a rocket engine. The reaction force propels the rocket in the
opposite direction. When a rocket lifts off, the combustion products from the burning propellants accelerate rapidly out of the engine.

Activity 4 –Gardeners of the Galaxy

Future generations will be able to utilise soil free growing methods [vertical farming] to maximise food production and meet the needs of an increasing population. The gel media contains all the growing requirements your pea seed needs to germinate, grow, and develop into a young plant. These include; water, phytohormones, sucrose, and root support. The test tube lids are fitted loosely to allow gas exchange and this method of plant production can be used all year round, just place the test tubes in a warm room near a window.

Activity 5 – Discover chromatography

Paper chromatography is the technique used to separate and analyse a mixture. An example of this is separating a colour mixture e.g. that found in a pen. The filter paper is added to a solvent. The solvent works its way up the paper via a process called capillary action. The mixture is then dissolved in a substance called the mobile phase which carries it through to a secondary stage called the stationary phase. The different components of the mixture travel through the stationary phase at different speeds, causing them to separate from one another. The nature of the specific mobile and stationary phases determines which substances travel more quickly or slowly, and is how they are separated. These different travel times are called the retention times.

Extra Challenge: Space rover

Prototypes are used all the time in many STEM subjects. They give you a basic design to build, test, and evaluate. Once you understand a design’s strengths and weaknesses, you can then find ways to improve it. As you test your rover prototype, you’ll find ways to make
it work better. Improving a design based on testing is called the engineering design process.

Extra Challenge: Taste exploration

Astronauts reported that their taste buds did not seem to be as effective when they were in space. Why does this happen in space? This is because fluids in the body get affected by the reduced gravity conditions (also called fluid shift). On Earth, gravity acts on the fluid in our bodies pulling it into our legs. This fluid is distributed equally around our body in space. When astronauts first arrive in space this is
characterised by a puffy face as fluid blocks the nasal passages. This gives the same feeling as having a cold and can cause taste to be affected by reducing the ability to smell.